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Space For More People

For decades, space suits were designed with men in mind. But now NASA is introducing new space suits that will fit people of many different sizes.

A black helmet and space suit with orange and blue trim on display in front of a black curtain

© Axiom Space

The new space suits are designed for NASA by a company called Axiom Space.

In 2019, NASA (the National Aeronautics and Space Administration) was set to make history by sending an all-woman team of astronauts on a spacewalk. But the plan was scrapped at the last minute. The reason? NASA didn’t have enough space suits that would fit the women. The first all-women spacewalk eventually took place—several months later, after NASA made sure the right space suits were available. These events made it clear that, in at least one way, space travel was set up without women in mind. 

But NASA now has plans for a redesigned space suit. The new suit will be more flexible and better able to fit people of many different sizes. And that means it will be more likely to fit women, who are, on average, smaller than men. This is the first time NASA has fully redesigned its space suits since 1981. 

When it comes to space suits, fit is extremely important. The suits need to be pressurized to provide oxygen so that the wearer can survive in space. If a space suit fails to work properly, an astronaut can die.

NASA aims to have the new space suits ready by 2025, in time for the space agency’s Artemis III mission. During Artemis III, astronauts will set foot on the Moon for the first time in more than 50 years. NASA has pledged “to land the first woman and first person of color on the surface of the Moon” as part of the Artemis III crew.

Bill Nelson, who leads NASA, said that the space suits “will open opportunities for more people to explore and conduct science on the Moon than ever before.”


Happy April Fools’ Day!

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© Liudmila Chernetska—iStock/Getty Images Plus

Did aliens fly over London, England, in 1989? Or was it an elaborate April Fools’ prank? Check out the story here!

Did You Know?

© studioworkstock/, NASA, © michal-rojek—iStock/Getty Images; Photo illustration Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Space suits are designed to keep astronauts safe in a hostile environment. Here’s just some of what they do:

  • Provide oxygen for the astronaut to breathe in
  • Expel the carbon dioxide the astronaut breathes out
  • Protect the astronaut from extreme temperatures
  • Provide some protection against space radiation

At Home in Space?

© ESA—P. Carril

This artist impression of a Moon Base shows solar panels capturing the energy of the Sun, along with greenhouses where food could be grown.

NASA plans to send astronauts to the Moon and beyond. During the Artemis III mission, scheduled for 2025, astronauts will land near the Moon’s South Pole, where no human has ever set foot. 

The lunar South Pole has resources that humans can use, including a good supply of sunlight, which can power spacecraft and other equipment. Scientists also know that there’s ice at the lunar South Pole, but they’re not yet sure how large that water supply is.

Eventually, NASA will build a base camp on the Moon to allow astronauts to stay there for up to two months. NASA hopes the Moon will be a jumping-off point for human exploration of more distant places in space. 

Imagine astronauts using the Moon as a rest stop on the way to Mars!

A Whole New World


Human missions to Mars are scheduled to take place within your lifetime—as part of the Artemis space program. Would you be interested in a trip to the Red Planet?

You can learn more at Britannica School!






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