Eight Billion People! – Duplicate – [#11010]

Eight Billion People!

On November 15, 2022, the world population reached eight billion.

A woman lies in a bed holding a newborn baby as a healthcare worker holds a cake reading Symbolic 8 Billionth Baby

Courtesy of Commission on Population and Development, National Capital Region, Philippines

Vinice Mabansag, who was born in the Philippines, was one of the babies named as Earth’s eight billionth person. (There’s no way to know which baby was truly the eight billionth.)

November 15, 2022, was a big day for the entire planet. On that day, the world population reached eight billion!

How big is eight billion? If you write it out, it looks like this: 8,000,000,000. That’s a lot of people! Experts say the world population has grown by one billion in just the past 12 years. 

What’s causing the population to grow? Experts say people are living longer than ever before. That’s because more people have clean drinking water and other resources to help them stay healthy. Plus, many diseases have become easier to treat. Overall, the world population is healthier than ever. 

Another thing that can cause the population to grow is the birth of many babies. But experts say families have fewer children than they used to. So the birth rate (the number of babies born each year) is slower than it once was. The United Nations (UN) believes that the population will continue to grow until about the year 2080, when there will be a little more than 10 billion people in the world. 

The UN says it’s important for everyone around the world to help make sure that the planet is healthy, safe, and peaceful. That way, all eight billion people can live happy, healthy lives.

Move your mouse along the line on the graph. You can see the world population in many years between 1500 and 2020.

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Fun Fact

Some countries have a lot more people than other countries. China is the country with the highest population, at 1,426,000,000 people. However, experts believe that the population of India will soon grow to be the largest in the world.

Check out this map of the world population. The countries that are shaded in darker colors have more people. Scroll over any country to see its population.

Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

What Is the United Nations?

© Palinchak/Dreamstime.com

At the United Nations, representatives from many countries meet to talk about issues affecting the whole world.

You may have heard about the United Nations, or the UN. The UN is keeping track of the world population. But why? What is the UN, and what does it do?

The UN is an international (worldwide) organization in which nations work together on problems that affect the whole world. Right now, 193 nations are members of the UN. Together, members talk about and work on solutions for problems like war, hunger, and climate change. They recognize that solving problems like these can lead to a healthier, more peaceful planet.

You can learn more about the United Nations at Britannica School.

You can learn more about the United Nations at Britannica Library.

Every Person Counts!

Three people with U.S. Census bags and IDs walk down a snowy road with low lying buildings.

© bullet_chained, zozulinskyi/stock.adobe.com; Animation Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

There are a lot of people in the world. How do countries count their populations? Many countries have what’s called a census. It’s an official count of a population. 

You can learn more about why the census is important at Britannica School!

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Word of the Day

tally

Part of speech:

noun

Definition:

: a recorded count of scores, votes, etc.

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Eight Billion People!

Eight Billion People!

On November 15, 2022, the world population reached eight billion.

A woman lies in a bed holding a newborn baby as a healthcare worker holds a cake reading Symbolic 8 Billionth Baby

Courtesy of Commission on Population and Development, National Capital Region, Philippines

Vinice Mabansag, who was born in the Philippines, was one of the babies named as Earth’s eight billionth person. (There’s no way to know which baby was truly the eight billionth.)

November 15, 2022, was a big day for the entire planet. On that day, the world population reached eight billion!

How big is eight billion? If you write it out, it looks like this: 8,000,000,000. That’s a lot of people! Experts say the world population has grown by one billion in just the past 12 years. 

What’s causing the population to grow? Experts say people are living longer than ever before. That’s because more people have clean drinking water and other resources to help them stay healthy. Plus, many diseases have become easier to treat. Overall, the world population is healthier than ever. 

Another thing that can cause the population to grow is the birth of many babies. But experts say families have fewer children than they used to. So the birth rate (the number of babies born each year) is slower than it once was. The United Nations (UN) believes that the population will continue to grow until about the year 2080, when there will be a little more than 10 billion people in the world. 

The UN says it’s important for everyone around the world to help make sure that the planet is healthy, safe, and peaceful. That way, all eight billion people can live happy, healthy lives.

Move your mouse along the line on the graph. You can see the world population in many years between 1500 and 2020.

Fun Fact Icon

Fun Fact

Some countries have a lot more people than other countries. China is the country with the highest population, at 1,426,000,000 people. However, experts believe that the population of India will soon grow to be the largest in the world.

Check out this map of the world population. The countries that are shaded in darker colors have more people. Scroll over any country to see its population.

Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

What Is the United Nations?

© Palinchak/Dreamstime.com

At the United Nations, representatives from many countries meet to talk about issues affecting the whole world.

You may have heard about the United Nations, or the UN. The UN is keeping track of the world population. But why? What is the UN, and what does it do?

The UN is an international (worldwide) organization in which nations work together on problems that affect the whole world. Right now, 193 nations are members of the UN. Together, members talk about and work on solutions for problems like war, hunger, and climate change. They recognize that solving problems like these can lead to a healthier, more peaceful planet.

Every Person Counts!

Three people with U.S. Census bags and IDs walk down a snowy road with low lying buildings.

U.S. Census Bureau

There are a lot of people in the world. How do countries count their populations? Many countries have what’s called a census. It’s an official count of a population. 

You can learn more about why the census is important at Britannica School!

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Word of the Day

tally

Part of speech:

noun

Definition:

: a recorded count of scores, votes, etc.

Definitions provided by
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He’s the Boss!

He’s the Boss!

Alejandro Buxton started his own candle company.

A boy poses and smiles while sitting on a couch.

Courtesy of Smell of Love Candles

Alejandro is a business owner and Youtuber.

Alejandro Buxton is pretty busy. Like any 12-year-old, he goes to school every day. Alejandro is also an entrepreneur (a person who starts a business). Before and after school, he runs his company, Smell of Love Candles. 

Alejandro began making candles to help his mom. She likes to light candles, but the scents were giving her headaches. Alejandro learned which ingredients might be causing those headaches, and he made candles with different ingredients. His mom felt so much better that Alejandro decided to start a candle business. Today, Smell of Love Candles makes candles with 26 different scents. They’re available online and at a kiosk (a stand) located in a mall near Alejandro’s home in Virginia. Alejandro’s mom helps him with the business side of things, and his younger sister, Valentina, assists with packing up candle orders.

A boy pours something from a pitcher into glass containers as another boy watches.

Courtesy of Smell of Love Candles

Alejandro shows a friend how he makes candles.

Alejandro’s business is doing well, and he’s making money. He uses some of it to buy comic books and saves some of it so he can go to college. Alejandro wants to help other kids go to college too. According to the Smell of Love website, the company uses some of the money it makes from candle sales to pay for a scholarship fund. A scholarship is money that is given to kids to help them pay for their education. 

Alejandro hopes to inspire other kids to follow their dreams. He offers advice on his YouTube channel and even hosts a podcast called Lessons from a Kidpreneur.

To Alejandro, success isn’t only about making money. It’s about using what he has to help others.  

“My future goal is to just help people around the world,” Alejandro told the Gazette.

News Extra

Go, Artemis!

A spacecraft with the NASA logo in the foreground and the Moon and Earth in the distant background

JSC/NASA

On November 28, Orion reached its farthest distance from Earth. This was its view.

NASA is halfway through its Artemis I mission, and everything looks good! 

NASA launched its Orion spacecraft on November 16, 2022, and it started orbiting the Moon on November 25. Orion is made to carry up to four astronauts, but no humans went on this trip. The purpose of Artemis I is to test the performance and safety of Orion. It’s sort of like a practice run. On November 28, Orion was 280,000 miles (450,000 kilometers) from Earth. If all goes as planned, it soon will carry astronauts way out there, too. 

Artemis I is only the beginning. NASA is planning Artemis II for 2024. In that mission, Orion will take four astronauts to the far side of the Moon (the side farthest from Earth) and back. 

Artemis III is planned for 2025. Orion will link up with another spacecraft, which will land two astronauts on the Moon. It will be the first time humans have set foot on the Moon since 1972!

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Fun Fact

A woman smells a pie as a thought bubble shows a mother and daughter baking.

© Mark Adams/Dreamstime.com, © Decorwithme/Dreamstime.com; Animation Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Odors (smells) are strongly connected to our memories. In fact, an odor is more likely than a picture to bring back a memory!

Kids in Biz

An entrepreneur is someone who starts a business. And a kidpreneur is a kid who starts a business! 

Many kidpreneurs do something extra special with their business—they use their success to help others. Here are a few of their stories.

  • When she was 13, Kimeila Campbell started a magazine called YNTY. (Those letters stand for “You’re Never Too Young.”) The magazine has articles about kids and teens who are working hard to reach big goals. There’s also advice for readers who have goals of their own.
FINAL_Campbell

Courtesy of Labelladiva Public Relations

Kimeila Campbell

  • Eight-year-old Jack Bonneau needed money for some LEGO toys, so he started a lemonade stand at his local farmers’ market. Along the way, Jack had to learn about the rules of running a business. Jack realized that learning how to run a business could be an important skill. So, he started a business called Jack’s Stands & Marketplaces, which teaches kids how to start lemonade and food stands.
FINAL_Jack

Courtesy of Jack’s Stands

Jack Bonneau

  • Alina Morse was 7 when she invented the Zollipop, a lollipop that’s delicious but doesn’t contain sugar. Today, Alina’s company sells lots of candy. It also has a program called the Million Smiles Initiative, which teaches kids about how to keep their teeth and bodies healthy.
FINAL_Morse

Zolli Candy

Alina Morse

What Do You Want To Do?

© elenabs—iStock/Getty Images Plus; Animation Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Some people start businesses. But there are many other things you can do. Check out Britannica School!

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olfactory

Part of speech:

adjective

Definition:

: of, relating to, or connected with the sense of smell

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Scientists Get Help From Sharks

Scientists Get Help From Sharks

Scientists are learning more about the ocean with the help of some sharks!

A tiger shark swims over a bed of seagrass.

Gallagher, A.J., Brownscombe, J.W., Alsudairy, N.A. et al. Tiger sharks support the characterization of the world’s largest seagrass ecosystem. Nat Commun 13, 6328 (2022). (CC BY 4.0)

It’s not always easy for people to explore the ocean. So scientists studying seagrass (grass that grows in the sea) decided recently to get some helpers. They attached cameras and other equipment to tiger sharks!

The team of scientists wanted to know how much seagrass is growing in an area of ocean near a group of islands called the Bahamas. They attached cameras or tracking equipment to 15 tiger sharks. The sharks were then released and swam around as they normally would. The cameras and equipment were designed to fall off the sharks within about 24 hours.

The pictures and other information captured by the equipment show that the patch of seagrass near the Bahamas is as large as 35,521 square miles (92,000 square kilometers). It might be the largest patch of seagrass on the planet!

Scientists say it’s important to know where there’s seagrass. Like forests, seagrass takes in carbon dioxide, which means it plays a big part in controlling climate change.

Before the study, scientists didn’t know how large the patch of seagrass was. In fact, there is still a lot that humans don’t know about the ocean because it can be hard to explore. Thanks to the sharks, we’re learning more. The size of the seagrass patch is good news for the climate.

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A scuba diver faces a tiger shark pup and a bubble shows the shark asking if the diver wants to meet its 29 brothers and sisters.

© Pixattitude/Dreamstime.com, ArteSub/Alamy, © wildestanimal/stock.adobe.com; Photo illustration Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Young tiger sharks are called pups. One tiger shark mother can give birth to as many as 70 pups at a time! But most litters contain 20 to 30 pups.

Shark Bites

Is that a great white shark? Nope! That’s a tiger shark. Tiger sharks get their name from the up-and-down stripes on their bodies. The stripes are easiest to see when a tiger shark is young. They fade as the shark becomes an adult. That’s why it might be hard to tell a tiger shark apart from a great white shark. Here are some other differences between the two species.

© Hussain/stock.adobe.com, © Bennymarty/Dreamstime.com, © Diane Keough–Moment/Getty Images; Photo illustration Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Shark Party!

Different species of shark pop up in an ocean scene.

© bullet_chained, zozulinskyi/stock.adobe.com; Animation Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Did you know that there are hundreds of species of shark? You can read more about sharks at Britannica School!

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toothy

Part of speech:

adjective

Definition:

: having or showing many teeth

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Fearless Flyer

Fearless Flyer

Scientists invented a robot that protects birds by getting them to fly away from airports. It looks like a falcon!

A view of the RobotFalcon's underside during flight.

All images – © 2022 Rolf F. Storms, Claudio Carere, Robert Musters, Hans van Gasteren, Simon Verhulst and Charlotte K. Hemelrijk, “Deterrence of birds with an artificial predator, the RobotFalcon” (CC BY 4.0)

Birds think this falcon is real, but it’s a robot!

Scientists in Europe have invented a robot that looks and flies just like a large bird called a falcon. The robot is an awesome flier, but it also has an important job. 

Scientists invented the robot to solve a serious problem. Flocks of birds often fly and land in and around airports. Sometimes the birds get hit by planes that are taking off and landing. Airport workers have tried different ways to scare away the birds. They’ve tried training real falcons to fly toward the birds. Falcons hunt smaller birds, so it makes sense that birds would be afraid of them. But falcons are expensive and hard to train. 

So scientists decided to create a robot that looks like a falcon. They studied a bird called the peregrine falcon to see how it moves when it flies. They made sure their robot could fly in the same way. They even painted the robot to match the colors of a real falcon. Then, they tested it with flocks of birds.

All images – © 2022 Rolf F. Storms, Claudio Carere, Robert Musters, Hans van Gasteren, Simon Verhulst and Charlotte K. Hemelrijk, “Deterrence of birds with an artificial predator, the RobotFalcon” (CC BY 4.0)

The robot is made to look just like a real falcon.

Since the falcon was a robot, scientists could get it to fly wherever they chose. They sent it to runways where birds were gathered. Did it work? Yes! The birds flew away, as if the robot was a real falcon.

Scientists say robot falcons could be used to keep birds safe all over the world.

News Extra

World Cup 2022!

Are you ready for some soccer? The 2022 FIFA World Cup will take place from November 20 to December 18! This year’s host country will be Qatar. 

At the World Cup, the 32 best soccer teams on the planet compete to find out which nation’s team will be the world champion. Check out the graph to see the winners of every World Cup since the first one.

Who are you rooting for?

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Fun Fact

A peregrine falcon dives with wings outstretched and blurred green trees in the background.

© Stan/stock.adobe.com

Peregrine falcons hunt by flying very high and then diving down toward flying birds. As it dives, a peregrine falcon can move up to 200 miles per hour (322 kilometers per hour)!

Why Some Birds Fly in a V Shape

© The Invisible Highway LLC—Moment Video RF/Getty Images

Have you ever seen a flock of birds in the sky? You may have noticed that, together, the birds seem to make a shape in the air. Often, it’s the shape of the letter V. Why do birds do that?

For one thing, many kinds of birds fly in groups so that they can help one another. Larger birds, like falcons, hunt smaller birds in the air. A bird flying in a flock is safer than a bird that flies alone. Flocks of birds can also work together to spot food on the ground.  

Only some kinds of birds fly in a V shape. Scientists are still learning why, but they think that by making this shape, the flock doesn’t have to fight the wind quite so much. And that means each bird can use less energy to fly. Flocks of birds may also make different shapes, or change their shape, to confuse the birds that hunt them.

Flying High!

© FRANKHILDEBRAND—iStock/Getty Images Plus

A peregrine falcon’s wingspan is 3 feet (0.9 meters) wide! Learn more about these birds of prey at Britannica School!

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Word of the Day

predator

Part of speech:

noun

Definition:

: an animal that lives by killing and eating other animals : an animal that preys on other animals

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A Lego Lion!

A LEGO Lion!

Some famous stone lions had to be repaired, so an artist made a replacement out of LEGO!

A beige lion made of LEGO bricks lies on a pedestal in front of the entrance to a bridge.

Budapesti Közlekedési Központ (BKK)/Simon Nyírő

The LEGO lion guarded an entrance to the Chain Bridge in Budapest, Hungary.

Is that lion made of LEGO bricks? It sure is!

The giant LEGO lion was built to sit at one entrance to the Chain Bridge, a famous crossing in the city of Budapest, Hungary. Normally, there are two stone lions at either entrance to the bridge, which was completed in 1849. In fact, the four roaring lions are a big part of why the Chain Bridge is famous. 

But in 2021, the bridge became lion-less. That’s when workers temporarily removed the stone lions from their posts so that they and the bridge could be repaired. The LEGO lion was a perfect substitute for one of the four lions because it looks just like the stone statues! 

Attila Kisbenedek—AFP/Getty Images

The LEGO lion is ready for its closeup!

The LEGO lion is the same size as the stone lions and is designed to resemble (look the same as) them in every way. It was created by an artist named Balázs Dóczy. It took Dóczy 560 hours and 850,000 LEGO bricks to build the lion. 

But Dóczy is a total expert when it comes to LEGO. He has used the plastic bricks to build models of many other Budapest landmarks. Unlike the lions, most of Dóczy’s creations are much smaller than the real thing. But they are remarkably detailed.

Dóczy’s LEGO lion is scheduled to be removed from the bridge at the end of November 2022. By that time, the stone lions should be ready to go back on their posts.

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Fun Fact

Construction workers on scaffolding watch as equipment is used to lift part of a stone lion

Budapesti Közlekedési Központ (BKK)/Simon Nyír

The stone lions were carefully lifted off the bridge so the bridge could be repaired.

Each of the stone lions on the Chain Bridge weighs nearly 14 tons. That’s almost 28,000 pounds (12,700 kilograms)! Moving the lions off the bridge required a lot of heavy machinery.

Look What LEGO Can Do!

You can make just about anything out of LEGO bricks. Check out these amazing LEGO creations, and just imagine what you could build!

© Kelly L. Harris & Lei Xu, Shoter, Chengusf, Josefkubes/Dreamstime.com, Guinness World Records

Everyone Loves LEGO

mac_filko (CC BY 2.0), AdstockRF; Composite image Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

This is what LEGO toys looked like in the 1950s and 1960s.

LEGO bricks have been around for a long time. The adults in your family might have played with LEGO when they were kids! Learn more about these amazing building bricks at Britannica School!

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Word of the Day

replica

Part of speech:

noun

Definition:

: an exact or very close copy of something

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Very Old Jeans Found!

Very Old Jeans Found!

Jeans that were made in the late 1800s were found in an old mine. And they look a lot like today’s jeans!

Side by side photos of the front and back of some very worn jeans, laid flat.

@DenimDoctors

These Levi’s jeans were made in the 1880s. These are not the jeans that were found by Frank Schlichting—but they’re a lot like them!

When do you think people started wearing jeans? A museum in Yuma, Arizona, is home to some VERY old jeans. They were made in the late 1800s!

The seven pairs of jeans were discovered by Frank Schlichting in February 2020, in a nearby mine that is no longer in use. Schlichting explores many mines and makes YouTube videos of his adventures. The museum owns the mine near Yuma and had given Schlichting permission to explore it.  

The YouTube video of the discovery shows Schlichting and Gabe Romo, who works with him, going 250 feet (76.2 meters) underground, into the mine where they had previously discovered the jeans under some rubble. The two men then use a pickaxe to uncover the seven pairs.

The jeans would have been worn by men who worked in and around the mines. Invented in 1873, blue jeans were designed to be worn by miners because they were less likely to be damaged than other types of pants. Jeans were, and still are, made from tough denim. Rivets (those little metal things) are used to hold together the fabric and prevent tearing. Styles have changed over the years, but the jeans worn by miners looked a lot like the jeans we wear today!

Jeans from the 1800s are extremely rare, making them very valuable. In October 2022, a pair of jeans from that time period sold for $87,000.

But the jeans Schlichting found won’t be sold. Instead, they’ll be kept at the Castle Dome Museum, near where they were found.

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Fun Fact

Animation of a pocketwatch going into a jeans pocket as an old-time miner smiles.

© AOosthuizen—iStock/Getty Images Plus, © New Africa/stock.adobe.com, W.P.A. California Folk Music Project Collection—American Folklife Center/Library of Congress (AFC 1940/001); Animation Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Look closely at a pair of jeans, and you’ll see a tiny pocket in front—but only on one side. That pocket was originally intended as a place where men could store their pocket watches!

Who Invented Jeans?

Pictorial Press Ltd./Alamy

This is an ad for blue jeans from Levi Strauss and Company. The ad is from 1874!

If you ever wear jeans, you can thank a tailor named Jacob Davis. In 1871, Davis was living in Reno, Nevada, when a woman asked him to make a pair of tough pants. The woman’s husband worked in a mine, and his pants were always getting torn. 

Davis decided to make pants that were held together with strong metal pieces called rivets. It was a great idea—so great that Davis wasn’t the only person who thought of it. Davis soon heard that a man named Levi Strauss was making similar pants and selling them in his family’s store in San Francisco, California. Davis contacted Strauss, and the two men decided to work together. In 1873, they filed a patent, which is a piece of paper from the U.S. government that says no one else can sell the same invention. Then, Davis and Strauss started selling their blue jeans.

The first pairs of jeans cost three dollars, which is worth about 74 dollars today. But for many mine workers, having a pair of pants that would last was worth the expense. The jeans proved to be very popular.

Jeans didn’t start to become popular for everyday wear until many years later. In the 1950s, some teenagers started to wear them. For a long time, most adults thought jeans were a little too informal. Grown-ups didn’t begin to wear jeans until about the 1970s. Today, jeans are everywhere!

Clothes of All Kinds!

Animation showing different styles of jeans moving across a background of denim.

© vectorikart—iStock/Getty Images Plus, © Sandamali Fernando/Dreamstime.com; Animation Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Jeans were made for working, but now they’re worn everywhere! What about other clothing? Read about why we wear what we wear at Britannica School!

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Word of the Day

durable

Part of speech:

adjective

Definition:

: staying strong and in good condition over a long period of time

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